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    “Chickens have Teenagers Too…

    Thank Goodness They Grow Up!”

    Baby Chickens are so cute and sweet and loveable…and then…they start looking gangly, getting too big for their small coop, start wrestling and fighting for dominance, stop behaving, eating you out of house and home….sound familiar? Yes, they are now teenagers. You have to find a bigger space for them and switch their food from chick food to grower/finisher food. They don’t need heat lamps because they are making their own heat and have lots of feathers to keep them warm.

    Chicken Teenagers

    As your Chicken Teens begin to age they love to check out grassy spaces, so we us like to use a chicken tractor. Chicken tractors are small coops with wheels, which make it easy to move around once they eat the grass underneath the coop.

    Chicken Tractor

    Its only 4-5 months from hatchlings to egg laying…so a proper coop should be researched during the teenage weeks. How big a coop depends on how many chickens you want to house. You will need one nest for every 4 hens. In our coop, we have 8 nests, so technically, we could house 32 hens, but we only have about 18-20.

    Our Stoney Creek Chicken Coop

    Chickens also need free range area or a fenced in yard to roam around in that is safe from predators. We have hawks which nest on our property, so we have a 6 ft. high fenced enclosure of 300 square feet with netting on top to prevent hawks or other predators (raccoons, mink, etc.) from entering.

    Nest boxes can be filled with hay, straw, indoor, outdoor carpet, and pine shavings, but my personal favorite is the plastic mats bought from any farm store or hatchery catalog (Murray McMurray is the one we use) that you simply spray off to clean. The mats last us about 5 years….very durable. The mats will keep eggs from breaking when multiple hens go in and out of the box laying and tends to keep the eggs somewhat cleaner too.

    Chicken Nesting Mat

    Now the Chickens Can Lay Eggs!

    So now you are ready for egg laying! Be sure to upgrade their food to layer feed, because it has extra ingredients to help with producing better egg shells. It also does not hurt to add some oyster shell to their diet, since that will make stronger egg shells. Some people put a fake egg in the box to encourage production at first…they swear it works. Some of their first eggs may be very small…that usually means there is no yolk…don’t worry that is normal. Some of the beginning eggs may be EXTRA LARGE…don’t worry, those are twin yolks.

    Now that you are an old hand at raising chickens and gathering all the eggs, you have to start thinking about the future… These hens will lay continuously for 50-60 weeks at full speed (260 – 280 eggs annually per chicken) and then they will go through what’s called “The Molt”. Molting begins at about 60 weeks of laying and the chickens will start losing their feathers (not all, just quite a few). Their bodies will start to make new pin feathers and will use all of their body energy to do that instead of laying eggs…so egg production goes down to about half speed. The Molt lasts about 4-6 weeks and by the end of it they will start laying better, but never at top speed again. This is usually the time period that are planning for by ordering new chicks which should be about ready to lay eggs by the time the molt happens. We then humanely slaughter the molting hens and rooster for the freezer. Since these are mainly egg laying chickens, they do not have a lot of meat, so we consider them stewing chickens for chicken and dumplings, soups and pot pies.

    So goes the sustainable circle of life for our chickens.

    If you would like to learn more about Farm Animals and Sustainable Farm Living, check out our book, “Dirt Rich” available on Amazon, Kindle and www.stoneycreek.farm

    Best Sustainable Farm Animal – Chickens

    We are now in week 6 of our 2017 Sustainable Living Topics and it’s time to start talking about farm animals.  Chickens are definitely one of my favorites and provide multiple resources for your (urban) farmstead at a minimal cost: 1. Eggs provide food high in protein 2. Chicken manure (properly composted) provides some of the best organic material for gardens 3. Chickens provide pest control by eating bugs from yards and gardens 4. Chicken meat is high in protein 5. Chicken eggs provide a source of income…everyone wants farm fresh eggs and don’t mind paying a premium for them 6. Chickens provide enjoyment…they are so fun to watch, pet and feed!

    So how do you get started?  That depends on the area you have available for your birds…  If you have a backyard in an HOA or live in the city, then you will need to make sure your HOA rules or city ordinances allow chickens (and how many).  None will allow roosters, because of the noise factor (crowing at 2 am).  Otherwise, you can have a rooster, but be aware that roosters really do crow at really weird hours and you don’t need a rooster unless you want to fertilize eggs for hatching baby chicks. We do not hatch our own eggs; we order our baby chicks from Murray McMurray Hatchery (https://www.mcmurrayhatchery.com )…and have for years.  McMurray guarantees their baby chicks just in case something happens during shipment by the Post Office.  In all the many years that we have used McMurray, we have never had to use the guarantee policy until recently.  We ordered 30 chicks a few weeks ago and they must have gotten cold in delivery or jostled badly, because we had 7 that did not make it.  McMurray credited us for these poor baby chicks…no questions asked.  They have superior customer service, so as you can tell, we highly recommend them (and this is not a paid or solicited advertisement from them).  They are just good business folks. The chicks come in a well ventilated box marked ‘fragile’ and ‘this side up’ and are shipped overnight.  When we order the chicks we do order them to be vaccinated for coccidiosis because we continue to raise them in the same area year to year, but that is a personal preference.

    They keep each other warm with their body heat and they hatchery provides come gel food in the bottom of the box to sustain them until they make it to their new home. Once the chicks get to their new home, you will need to have a waterer, feeder and a heat lamp that will keep the chicks at least 95-100  degrees.  You can reduce the temperature by 5 degrees after the 1st week and thereafter.  It is extremely important that the new chicks are kept warm the first couple of weeks because they do not tolerate cold at all.

    If new chicks are stressed, occasionally, you will see something called ‘pasty butt’.  The vent (butt) will get clogged with poop, turn brown and cake on, which eventually doesn’t allow for little gal/guy to poop very well.  Just as you would clean your own baby’s bottom, you simply use a wet warm cloth to clean off the caked on poop, so that it doesn’t cause problems for the little one later on.  Be sure to be gentle…they are already stressed.  Afterwards, I hold them for a minute and stroke their back to make them feel safe, and put them under the lamp for their little butts to dry.  Ok, maybe I nurture a little too much…. Now, you just play with them and watch them grow.  The more time you can spend with them, the more gentle they will be.  I usually try to feed them out of my hand and hold them at least a few times a week.  If you have the time, it’s well worth the effort. There are many breeds to choose from and it depends on what the purpose is for the farmstead.  If you want to raise chickens solely for meat, there are meat birds like Jumbo Cornish X Rocks, or Red Ranger Broiler.  If you are wanting to raise them for eggs and meat (combination), then the Delaware breed may work for you.   For strictly egg layers you may want Rhode Island Reds or the Pearl White Leghorn. If you are like us and want to raise your farmstead birds for mainly eggs (and end of life stewing chickens) then we suggest a sex link breed called Red Star, which is considered the best brown egg layer of all the breeds.

    Red Star Hen

    A sex link chicken is one that can be identified when hatched whether it is a male or female bird.  For instance, the female Red Star has a reddish tint and the male is yellow/white.  This identification allows for an exact number of hens to be ordered rather than guessing whether it will be a rooster or hen.  On a typical order of Rhode Island Reds I would get at least 3 roosters, so we would have to either slaughter or give away the other 2 roosters…because you only need one for 20-30 hens.

    Next week we will cover more on their Life Cycle:  “Chickens have Teenagers Too…Thank Goodness They Grow Up!”

    If you would like to learn more about Farm Animals and Sustainable Farm Living, check out our book, “Dirt Rich”  available on Amazon, Kindle and www.stoneycreek.farm

     

     

      Waste Not, Want Not

      I can’t tell you how many times while growing up my mom said to me, “waste not, want not“, whenever I didn’t finish all the food on my plate.  She didn’t want me to overeat…she just wanted me to learn not to put more food on my plate than I could eat…so I didn’t waste food.  And her mantra lives on…through me…she’d be proud!

      Here are 7  ‘Easy to Do’ Tips that can help you eliminate some of the food waste that goes on in your family refrigerator and pantry every week…hope this helps you:

      Tip#1  Leftover Fruit
      Freeze it.  Yes that’s right, fresh fruit… put it in a freezer container and freeze it (up to a few months) to use in smoothies, cook and puree to add to muffins or cakes, or use to ice drinks/tea/wine/sangria.  Freeze whole ripe bananas to use for smoothies and banana bread.

      Tip#2  Cereal the kids won’t eat
      You thought they would eat it.  The image on the box looked really good (high in fiber, double good) and it had a surprise toy…oh well.  Most cereals can be made into a breakfast/snack bar with some added chocolate chips.  Here is a standard recipe that works for a lot of cereals, but you might have to adjust some of the ingredients to suit the texture of the cereal.
      2 Cups Cereal
      1/3 Cup plus 1 Tbsp Peanut Butter
      1/3 Cup plus 1 Tbsp Honey
      Line a 9″ x 11″ with parchment paper.  Heat peanut butter and honey until melted, then mix well with the cereal, pour into pan and flatten.  Place in fridge for about 30 minutes to harden.

      Tip #3  Salad Greens that are about to go out of date
      Sauté them in Olive Oil with a little bit of garlic. Chefs do it all the time.  Romaine, Chard, Kale and all types of greens taste wonderful when they are lightly sautéed .  For a little different flavor, add a little red wine vinegar at the end, right before serving.

      Tip #4   Leftovers
      Designate one night each week as “Leftovers Night” to  help deplete waste in the refrigerator and keep your inventory manageable.  If the fridge gets too cluttered, then it’s hard to determine how old it is, so you end up with more wasted food.  Another great tip is using masking tape and marking the date  and description on the package.  Also, immediately after dinner, package lunch size portions of leftovers to save money instead of eating lunch at a restaurant

      Tip#5  Repurpose Meals
      Some meals are easier than others to repurpose, so that the family does not feel that they are eating leftovers a couple of days in a row.  Here are some examples I use on a regular basis:
      Baked Rosemary Chicken (first night), Chicken Alfredo (second night), Chicken Salad or homemade Chicken and Rice Soup (for lunches)
      Crock Pot Chili (first night), Chili nachos with all the fixings (second night)
      Spaghetti with Meatballs (first night), Meatball Subs (second night), baked spaghetti with Ricotta Cheese (third night)
      Sirloin Steak (first night), Black and Blue Steak Salad (second night)

      Tip#6  Stale Bread
      Simply add a little olive oil and Italian Seasoning to any sliced bread, cut into small squares and bake on a cookie sheet at 200 degrees f0r approx. 2 hours and you will have some very tasty croutons.  Thinly sliced cheese melted on toasted stale bread can compliment most any meal, especially a tomato basil soup.

      Tip#7   Preserving – Canning or Freezing
      If you have veggies or fruit that will not get eaten before they ruin, you always have the option of making a jelly or jam from the fruit and  blanching/freezing veggies to use at a later date.  If I have too many onions or peppers, I might dice them up and put them in the freezer to use in cooking (up to 3 months).  I always freeze unused fresh basil to use at a later date, because it is so easy to crush into the recipes.

      Feel free to share any Sustainable Living Ideas that you would like covered in our weekly posts.   Just send me a note at stoneycreekfarmtennessee@gmail.com.
      Thank You!  Leigh

      P.S. Sign up for our e-mail list to receive Sustainable Living Information each week at http://www.stoneycreek.farm.

       

      Essential Oils – My Experience

      When we moved to the Stoney Creek Farm 12 Years ago, I have to admit, we had not heard anything about essential oils except for use in candles or potpourri. Now, it appears that most Americans have heard about them and a huge following of people are using oils for natural medicinal and alternative therapy uses such as:

      1. Cold and Flu symptoms
      2. Skin Rashes
      3. Relaxation and Sleep
      4. Hormone Balance
      5. Improving Digestion
      6. Pest Control
      7. Managing Pain, and much more….

      I want to say, up front, that I do not want to use this post to solicit business for any particular type of essential oil brand. I just want to share with you what we have discovered over the past 5 years about essential oils, the specific ones we have tried that have been beneficial, and why. I am also not a doctor, nor do I have any special training in oils…just sharing my experience with them.  Also, I have multiple friends and family who sell different brands and do not want to get in “hot water” with any of them…love them all!

      So I’ll start off by saying …I HATE taking medication! That is probably the number one reason I started looking into essential oils as an alternative to traditional medicine.  Some drugs are necessary, but I avoid any that I absolutely don’t have to take.  Ibuprofen is one that I like to avoid because too much of it, is so hard on the liver.  Unfortunately, I have sinus issues whenever the weather changes and headaches behind my eyes are a regular occurrence.  I had a friend suggest that I rub Peppermint Oil on three spots on the back of my neck to get rid of my headache…and it worked.  I didn’t need an energy drink either…it wakes you up!  It lasted about 3 hours and then I would repeat.  Knowing that it’s a natural alternative and loving the smell, hooked me for life!  This oil is also great to help prevent coughing…just put a drop on your finger and rub on the back of your tongue.

      Homemade Peppermint Oil

      I have a good friend whose granddaughter had a horrible diaper rash for months that just wouldn’t go away and the poor child was miserable. She had starting using oils and asked her consultant for some help.  The consultant told her to try using one drop of Frankincense Oil mixed with a carrier oil (like almond or coconut oil) on the diaper rash for a few days.  To her surprise, the diaper rash cleared up in 3 days! I have used Frankincense Oil for rashes and to help a wound heal after it has initially healed (not on an open wound) and have had wonderful results.

      Every decade of life has its benefits and challenges. My 50’s  hot flashes and sleepless nights for a more than a few years.  I refused to take synthetic hormones and finally gave in to taking Tylenol PM when I went several nights without sleep in a row.  As  I mentioned, I HATE taking medication, so I tried using Lavender Oil, which helped me to relax and fall asleep…but not stay asleep.  I absolutely love the smell of lavender, so its easy for me to use as a natural perfume and it relieves itchy insect bites.

      Homemade Lavender Oil

      Since the sleep problem was still an issue, I sought the advice of Registered Nurse who used and sold Essential Oils who suggested I try Clary Sage Oil, which might help with the hormone balance and help me sleep.  The first night I tried Clary Sage Oil drops on bottom of my big toes and feet, I slept all night.  Now this was not a perfect situation, because there are always other variables affecting sleep, but this oil helped me sleep much better for years until this season of my life changed…thank goodness!

      Since we are serious gardeners, I invariably get lots of cuts and non-life-threatening wounds throughout the season. My number one “go to” antiseptic is Melaleuca Oil which helps to speed the healing process in lightning quick time (at least in my estimation).  This oil is also call Tea Tree Oil and many people use it to treat Cold Sores, acne, congestion and respiratory tract infections, and fungal infections among other things.  An entire all-natural household products company (called co-incidentally, Melaleuca) is based off this oil…it must be pretty powerful!

      There are a lot of Oil Blends on the market which target certain health issues.  The blends contain multiple oils blended with a particular concentration.  One blend that our family has really enjoyed and helps us survive the allergy season in Spring and Fall contains Peppermint, Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, and Lemon.  We use it in a diffuser (combines the oil in a mist into the air) to relieve our congestion and other symptoms.

      diffuser

      One of these days I want to learn how to make my own oils and tinctures from these wonderful plants. My friend, local TV celebrity and Herbal  Author, Cindy Shapton, has classes on the process of making oils and tinctures from herbs and flowers at her farm in Fernvale, TN.  If you have this same urge to learn how to make your own…check out her website www.cindyshapton.com. I might just see you at her next class!

      Cindy Shapton (left) on Talk of the Town TV Show

       

      What the Heck is an
      ‘Capsule Wardrobe’?

      My journey to a simpler life started 12 years ago when we moved to Stoney Creek Farm and I was working in the corporate world often traveling 3 days a week in a car over a multiple state sales territory.  Traveling such a wide territory allowed me to pare down my work wardrobe because it was rare that I would visit the same customers in a two week timeframe.
      I immediately saw the benefits:

      Fewer Choices – which meant more closet space
      Less Stress – which meant happier me
      Less Money – which meant extra money for paying off debt (no more $800 Chico bills)
      More Time – which meant I could relax and do things with family instead of making all those choices

      Walk_In_Closet_-_Expandable_Closet_Rod_and_Shelfsee the Benefits…(above)
      versus too much wardrobe/too many choices (below)

      hoarder

      So then I began looking at my personal wardrobe and figuring out how I could make that simpler and more efficient too.  This journey has had it’s ups and downs, just like a roller coaster…especially with the ‘after Christmas’ sales every year, but I feel like I am finally getting a handle on it…after 12 years!  It’s certainly not perfect, but I have to admit my wardrobe is a lot simpler and I try to follow this important rule of thumb:

      “If something NEW comes in the closet,

      something OLD comes out of the closet!”

      According to Wikipedia, “the term [capsule wardrobe] is widely used in the British and American fashion media… The term has come to refer to a collection of clothing that is composed of interchangeable items only, to maximize the number of outfits that can be created. The aim is to have an outfit suitable for any occasion without owning excessive items of clothing. This is usually achieved by buying what are considered to be “key” or “staple” items in coordinating colors.”

      My definition of an ‘capsule wardrobe’ is a small compact wardrobe that you can mix and match easily and will transition styles for almost any occasion.  There are numerous schools of thoughts on this type of wardrobe, and not all of them may fit your particular style, so I suggest paring down a little at a time…to see what works for you.

      Although I still have some (still in-style) clothing from my sales career days, my goal is to eventually have a completely capsule wardrobe.  So now I work toward having 10-12 pieces of key clothing that I can mix and match with accessories to highlight the outfits.  Here is a list of my key clothing pieces for casual/business/church:
      khaki pants, jeans, black pants, pencil black skirt, structured jean jacket, fitted short black/grey jacket, 3 short or sleeveless shells (complimentary colors), 2 long sleeve or 3/4 length sleeve shells (complimentary colors), and light pancho/sweater wrap.

      unfancy pic

      It’s very difficult for some people to visualize what their capsule wardrobe should look like or how to go about paring down their wardrobe…so below is a very helpful site called
      http://www.un-fancy.com.  Caroline explains the process and even has a wardrobe planner that you can download for free to help you put together your own capsule wardrobe. http://www.un-fancy.com/capsule-wardrobe-101/free-wardrobe-planner/  The picture above is from her site.  Be aware that she considers the capsule wardrobe to have 37 key pieces, which may help you pare down your wardrobe initially, but it may still have too many choices…you decide.

      Below is an example of a long weekend travel capsule (not for my 57 year old body, but very cute!).  How wonderful to travel with a small carry on bag rather than checking in and having your luggage mysteriously turn up in another state…yes, most of us have had that happen!  The capsule wardrobe can help you with keeping it simple.

      travel capsule

      On the other hand, my farming life requires dedicated “get dirty” clothes, so those are not included in this list, but I pared down this list of clothes too!  I didn’t need 50 T-shirts!  But they do wear out faster, so I generally have more farm clothes than casual/business/church clothes.

      Another great website I follow is  Joshua Becker’s ‘Becoming Minimalist’  http://www.becomingminimalist.com/about-us/.  Joshua has a lot of guest posts about simple living and paring down wardrobes and material stuff.  It keeps me focused on the “simple” part of simple and sustainable living.

      I look forward to more weekly posts this year sharing our sustainable, simple life here on the farm.  We would love to hear any tips and ideas you have and/or suggestions of topics you would like to hear more about…just send us a note at  stoneycreekfarmtennessee@gmail.com.

       

       

       

      Start 2017 with a Simple, Sustainable Life

      Over the past 11 years, Olin and I have changed our lives a little at a time by pairing down our “stuff” and being content with less.  We have found that this practice has created an incredible amount of joy and reduced a massive amount of stress from our lives.  We would like to share some of our successes (and things to avoid) in our 2017 weekly newsletters to help you discover new and different ways to live this year simply and sustainably.

      We welcome any suggestions, comments and advice from any of our readers to share with others, so that everyone can benefit from your personal experience!  So please reply back to any of the newsletters this year with your input!  Thank you!

      So here are a couple of tips that we began about 10 years ago for Holiday decorations:
      If it takes more than 2-3 hours to decorate for Christmas, we don’t do it!

      I know…it sounds ridiculous…it did to us too.  But we began by pairing down our decorations to the ones we really loved;  then we only put out the tree ornaments that have memories associated with them;  and we pack everything away in an organized fashion in large plastic bins, so that it’s easy to find and put up the next year (key to success).  And YES, whatever you are not using (after a couple of years), you can give away, donate, or use some things for wrapping gifts (like ornaments, ribbon, etc).  Think about all the people you can bless with your beautiful decorations that you don’t use anymore…

      Another tip we started many years ago which saves money and keeps the wrapping station organized:
      Use ONE Container for wrapping supplies; including all holiday celebrations (with birthday, anniversary, etc.)

      clear-storage-box-for-gift-wrapI know…sounds ridiculous…but it can be done.  You will be amazed how it will simplify the amount of gift wrap you need in your home.  You will not feel the need to go buy oodles and oodles of 50% off gift wrap after the holiday to store for the next holiday, because you will have a manageable wrap station that holds an easy to view inventory.  The only additional bag we have outside the wrap station is a recycle bag full of gift bags that we reuse for the next holiday.  We also save bows and tissue paper (if they are not damaged) to help decrease the landfill for at least another year.

      The lesson we learned about simplifying our decorations and wrapping supplies is this:  Simple and organized makes life easier and less stressful.  Simple living leads to sustainable living…

      Happy New Year from Leigh and Olin!

      olin-and-leigh-norris-dam2

        Holiday Fruit Tea Recipe (hot or cold)

        Make your Holiday gathering special with my yummy fruit tea recipe which you can serve over ice in a glass or warm in a mug with a cinnamon stick.  My recipe was featured in the Tennessee Cooperator last year along with a lot of other wonderful hot seasonal drinks from Tennessee kitchens…hope you enjoy!

        Hot Fruit Tea

        6-8 Family-size tea bags
        1-2 cups sugar (to taste)
        1 (12 oz can) frozen orange juice concentrate
        1 (12 oz can) frozen lemonade concentrate
        1 (46 oz can) pineapple juice
        small cinnamon sticks
        Directions:  Brew enough tea for 1 gallon; remove tea bags.  Add sugar; stir until dissolved.  Add enough water for 1 gallon of tea,.  Add thawed orange juice and lemonade concentrate and pineapple juices; stir until mixed well. Heat mixture until warm.  Serve in mugs with a small cinnamon stick in each.  Add additional sugar if needed.  Freeze any leftover tea for later use.  Yield:  About 25 servings.

        Happy Holidays!  Merry Christmas!

        Happy Hanukkah!  Happy Kwanza! 

        We wish You a Happy and Prosperous New Year!

          The Dirt Rich Family Bundle
          makes a Great Holiday Gift!

          Want to support local agriculture and teach families about sustainable living this Holiday Season?  You can do both with the Dirt Rich Family Bundle.  The Bundle contains the following author signed copy books within a red mesh produce bag complete with sparkling bow:

          One “Dirt Rich – How to Experience more Joy and Less Stress Through Sustainable Farm Living” Book
          Two “Dirt Rich Kids Coloring and Activity Books”
          Two farm box crayons

          The bundle is only $25 plus $5 shipping anywhere within the continental US.

          To order your Dirt Rich Family Bundles click the link below:
          Dirt Rich Family Bundle

          Three reasons to brew your own Kombucha.

          1. Cost. The average bottle of kombucha is $3 plus at the store for a 16 oz bottle which is roughly $24 or more per gallon. So after the initial investment in jars, scoby, sugar and tea the continued cost for a gallon of homemade kombucha is roughly $2.
          2. Control.  By brewing your own you control the source of water, sugar and tea. You control the intensity of the final drink by the length of time it ferments. You also control which fruits and juices are used in the second fermenting process thus ensuring its quality meets your personal standards and the amount of sugar content. 
          3. Community.  As time goes on new scobies will grow and you can share them with friends and teach them how to brew their own.

          Brewing Kombucha Class
          with Deana Marcum and Courtney Windham
          Sunday, October 9th, 2 – 4 pm
          Cost $45, which includes instruction, gallon brewing jar, scoby, organic black tea, organic cane sugar

          Kombucha2
          Deana and Courtney will involve the class in the following activities:
          1.  Demonstration of how to make Kombucha
          2.  Flavoring of Kombucha after fermentation is done
          3.  How to save starter liquid to continue another batch of Kombucha
          4.  Tasting of flavored Kombucha
          5.  Discuss benefits of Kombucha (healthy gut, probiotics and much more)
          6.  Discuss Jun tea (like Kombucha, but made w/ a different scoby and green tea), Keifer, ginger brew, etc.

          All attendees will go home with their own fully brewed gallon jar of Kombucha tea with scoby, so they will not have to wait on it to brew!
          To register:

          http://stoneycreekfarmtennessee.com/events/kombucha-brew-your-own-probiotic-rich-drink/Deana Marcum Bio
          Deana Marcum’s ease into natural living was inspired by two do it yourself, back to basics,question everything parents who lived as self sufficient as possible while raising their five children. Further influenced by grand parents and great grandparents who all gave her a solid foundation on natural living, canning, gardening, cooking and baking from scratch. Her journey into herbalism and natural health really peaked at the age of 19 when researching female health and being introduced to the work of Jethro Kloss. As a working homeschooling mom Deana has a passion for teaching others and finds joy in seeing that “aha” moment when students from 2 to 92 learn something new.  http://www.pinksugarbowl.com

          Courtney Windham Bio
          Courtney Windham is a stay-at-home mom and owner of Simply Traditional Body Care.  Her journey into natural living began over 10 years ago, when her oldest child was diagnosed with severe food allergies in infancy.  She enjoys sharing the knowledge she has acquired along the way with others – hopefully saving them some of the frustrations of trial and error that comes with learning something new!

          #scoby #kombucha #drjoshaxe #healthygut #stoneycreekfarm #dirtrich

           

          The Secret to Turning a Raised Bed into a Cold Frame is a support system
          that can stay up all year long.

          20160907_172856

          Olin started with a 4’x8′ raised bed and measured six old windows he had from a remodeling job that were all similar in size.  He then used scrap wood from 2×4’s and plywood to create the frame and placed two hinges to hold each window on the top wood piece.  He was careful not to place the windows too close together because they will shrink and expand depending on the humidity…causing them to stick together during a heavy rain. As you can see from the picture below, the windows create a green house effect that protects cool weather plants from frost damage.

          20160329_112114

          Last winter we were able to grow carrots, spinach, mustard greens, turnip greens, collard greens, lettuce, radishes and kale.  I’m sure we could have grown a much bigger variety, but I ran out of space.  Also, we keep a thermometer in the cold frame, and when it get 80 degrees, we prop open a couple of windows, so the plants don’t wilt or dry out.  The cold frame almost serves as a terrarium, because you don’t have to water much at all after you germinate the seeds and everything starts growing.

          #coldframe #stoneycreekfarm #dirtrich #wintergarden #sustainableliving